South Asian Research Journal of Nursing and Healthcare (SARJNHC)
South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care
Dr. Mahadeo Bhimrao Shinde
Country of Origin:
“South Asian Research Journal of Nursing and Healthcare” Abbreviated Key Title: South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care; ISSN 2664-8059 (Print) & ISSN 2706-767X (Online) is peer reviewed, Bi-Monthly, open access Academic and Research Journal Published by SAR Publication, Bangladesh Published in English.
This Journal publishes Research Articles, Review Articles, Short Communication, Case Studies and other scientific studies within all the fields of Nursing and Healthcare.
This Journal is aimed to publish Research Articles, Review Articles, Short Communication, Case Studies and other scientific studies within all the fields of Nursing and Healthcare.
Scope of Journal
This Journal publishes Articles in all disciplines under Nursing and Healthcare like-
Critical Care, Adult Nursing, Advanced Practice Nursing, Clinical Nursing, Cognitive Informatics, Collaboration with physicians, Community Health Nursing, Confidentiality and Data Security, Critical and emergency care, Critical Care Nursing, Diagnostics and prescribing, Emergency Nursing, Ethical issues in Health care, Family Health Care, Family Nursing, Future of health care, Gastroenterology Nursing, Geriatric Nursing, Gerontological nursing, Health Care Delivery, Health Care Research, Home health nursing Community and Home care, Innovations in Patient Care, Involvement with patients adherence to treatment regimen, Learning disability nursing, Management and organizational issues, Maternity and Women health Nursing, Medical Surgical Nursing, Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing, Midwifery nursing, Multi-Professional Practice, Neonatal nurse, Nephro-Urology Nursing, Neurosciences Nursing, Nurse Practitioner Updates, Nursing and Health Care, Nursing Education, Nursing Ethics, Nursing of people in acute care and long term care, Nursing Standards, Nursing Theories, Obstetric Nursing, Orthopedic Nursing, Paediatric psychology, Palliative and geriatrics nursing, Patient Care, Patient education and counseling, Pediatric nursing, Primary Care, Psychiatric and mental health, Public Health Nursing, Quaternary Care, Secondary Care, etc.
Dr. Mahadeo Bhimrao Shinde
Professor, Krishna Institute Of Medical Sciences Deemed To Be University, Krishna Institute Of Nursing Sciences, Karad, Dist-Datara 415110 Maharashtra, India Email: mahadeoshinde28[at]gmail.com
Magda Moawad Mohamed Mohsen
Professor of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing-Menoufia University, Egypt Email: magda.mohsen2000[at]hotmail.com
Dr. Ebtsam Aly Abou Hashish
Assistant Professor of Nursing Management & Leadership, College of Nursing – Jeddah, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Email: abouhashishe[at]Ksau-hs.edu.sa
Dr. Anoopa K R
Principal, Bishop Benziger College of Nursing, Sastri Junction, Kollam-1, Kerala Email: email@example.com
Dr. Abeer El-Said Hassan El-Sol
Assistant Professor of Medical- Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufia University, Al Minufya, Egypt Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Mr. Prabhuswmai Hiremath
Lecturer in Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing at Krishna Institute of Nursing Science, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences University, Karad. Maharashtra, India Email: email@example.com
Miss Thandar Soe Sumaiyah Jamaludin
Lecturer, Critical Care Nursing Department, Kulliyyah of Nursing, International Islamic University, Malaysia Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care | Pages : 12-16
DOI : 10.36346/sarjnhc.2020.v02i01.002
Preeclampsia is a specific condition in pregnancy characterized by placental dysfunction and maternal response to the presence of stem inflammation with endothelial activation and coagulation. The diagnosis of preeclampsia is based on the presence of hypertension and proteinuria at 20 weeks of gestation. This type of research is an analytic survey with cross-sectional study design. The population in this study are all mothers who come to visit the KIA Poly Room at Lasinrang Pinrang Regional Hospital. The sampling technique used in this study is Accidental Sampling. the number of samples in this study was 134 people. This research will be conducted at Lasinrang Pinrang Regional Hospital in July to August 2019. The results of this study show that there is a relationship between maternal age (P = 0.023), Gravida (P = 0.0001), parity (P = 0.0001) with preeclampsia in the KIA Poly Room of Lasinrang Regional Hospital Pinrang in 2019. Suggestions proposed in this study are Expected to mothers who are at risk age (<20 years and> 35 years), Primigravida (First Pregnancy), Multiparity to better maintain diet and be diligent in carrying out examinations Pregnancy during pregnancy to avoid the incidence of preeclampsia during childbirth.
Wafaa Taha Ibrahim Elgzar, Hanan Ibrahim Ibrahim, Hanan Heiba Elkhateeb
South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care | Pages : 1-11
DOI : 10.36346/sarjnhc.2020.v02i01.001
Background: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is accountable for around 25% of maternal mortality in the developing countries. Management of 3rd stage of labour is the cornerstone in PPH prevention. The effect of Placenta Cord Drainage (PCD) on the 3rdprogress and PPH prevention is still controversy. Aim of the study: This study aims to investigate the effect of placental drainage on the third stage of labour progress and incidence of postpartum hemorrhage. Research design: randomized controlled clinical trial. Setting: This study is conducted at normal labour unit at Damanhour educational institution affiliated to ministry of health at Elbehira governorate/Egypt. Sampling: A purposive sample of 120 women undergoing normal easy vaginal delivery. Tools: two tools were used for data collection. Tool I: sociodemographic characteristics and obstetric history interview schedule. Tool II: Labour assessment sheet it consists of three main parts. Part I: Summary of the first and second stage of labor. Part II: third stage assessment sheet. Part III: 3. Early postpartum assessment sheet. Results: The present study results shows no statistical significant differences between PCD and control group regarding vital signs during the 3rd stage, uterus condition after placenta delivery, type, dose and route of uterotonic drugs given during 3rd stage. On the contrary, a statistical significant reduction in the time elapsed until appearance of placenta separation signs (3.5583±0.83915), 3rd stage duration(5.1417±1.03138), amount of blood loss during 3rd stage (195.45±13.994), placenta weight (580.333±64.97631) and incidence of retained placenta ((0%) in the PCD group than control. In the early postpartum assessment, the mean pulse (88.2.7667±3.11022) is higher among control group compared to PCD (83.4667±2.78292) group. Control group needs higher dose of uterotonic (8.6780±2.62902) drugs than PCD (5.0566±1.41985) group. In addition, maternal hemoglobin (9.5234±0.6087) is slightly higher in PCD group compared to control (8.458±0.873). Conclusion: PCD is safe, effective noninvasive intervention that may help in improving 3rd stage progress. Recommendation: PCD should be added to third stage of labour intervention protocol.
Bety Anisa Wulandari, Arifin Seweng, Muhammad Arif Tiro
South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care | Pages : 83-86
DOI : 10.36346/sarjnhc.2019.v01i03.002
Prevention of HIV transmission from mother to child or Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) is part of efforts to control HIV-AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). In Indonesia, there were 1,805,993 pregnant women tested for HIV and there were 5,074 (0.28%) pregnant women who were HIV positive. The purpose of this study was to analyze the determinants of PMTCT examination with the Health Believe Model approach in Makassar City in 2019. This study was an observational analytic study with a cross-sectional design. The sample in this study was 260 pregnant women in the working area of the Sudiang Raya Health Center and Antang Perumnas Makassar City. Data were analyzed using chi square and multiple logistic regression. The results showed that the cues acted influentially on PMTCT examination with p-value = 0.014 (p <0.05) with OR = 6.013, and there were some insignificant variables such as threat perception variable with p-value = 1,000 (p> 0, 05), the perception of the benefits of p-value = 0.143 (p> 0.05) and the perception of resistance p-value = 0.340 (p> 0.05). It was concluded that the cues acted influentially on the PMTCT examination and to the perception of threats, perceived benefits, and perceived barrier did not affect the PMTCT examination in Makassar City. It is expected that health workers explain in advance about the actions that will be taken (PMTCT examination), and provide information about the importance of efforts to prevent HIV transmission from mother to baby.
South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care | Pages : 72-82
DOI : 10.36346/sarjnhc.2019.v01i03.001
Background: Post-Dural Puncture Headache (PDPH) is the most prevalent complication after lumbar puncture (LP), with reported frequency varying from 6% to 36% of patients. Aim: investigate the effect of coffee consumption on the incidence and severity of post-dural puncture headache among post cesarean section women. Research design: Randomized controlled clinical trial. Setting: Postpartum department at Damanhour National Medical institute/ Elbehira governorate. Egypt. Sample: 120 women undergoing elective caesarean section under spinal anesthesia were randomly allocated to study and control group using randomization block. Tools: three tools were used for data collection. Structured interview schedule to collect basic data, headache assessment tool (visual analogue pain scale, short-form McGill pain questionnaire, assessment of headache aggravating and alleviating factors) and physical activities limitation questionnaire. Results: The incidence and severity of PDPH is higher among control more than coffee group. While, the maximum incidence of continuous PDPH occurs in the third post-operative day among control group (40%) compared to only 13.3% among intervention. Both VAS and McGill Pain score are statistically higher among control compared to intervention group over several time points. PDPH is aggravated by light, noise, standing, moving and siting in control groups than intervention groups. Laying down, closing eyes, drinking fluids are major soothing factors for both groups. The highest percentages of coffee group had no effect on activity of daily living compared to control group. The differences between the two groups are statistically significant intergroup, intragroup and for group time interactions. Conclusion: Coffee decreased both incidence and severity of PDPH and increased tolerance of post Cs activities. Recommendations: Oral coffee may be added to post Cs nursing care protocols to decrease PDPH incidence, severity and enhancing early physical activities.
South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care | Pages : 69-71
DOI : 10.36346/sarjnhc.2019.v01i02.005
Background: Contraception means prevention of pregnancy. This one can be immediately done following the processes insuring the emptiness of the uterus. The aim of the study was to show the characteristic of patients accepting contraception and the main used contraception method after abortion. Patients and method: This was a prospective survey of five months from 17 July 17th to 2017 29 December 29th 2017 about contraception method following spontaneous abortion performed at N’djamena Mother and Child hospital. Results: 81 patients had accepted to use contraceptive method among 135 giving a frequency of 60%. The age groups of 20-24 years were more represented with 33.3%. The majority of patients had chosen the injection method (67.9%). Conclusion: Contraception methods are often used during spontaneous abortion. The injections methods are preferred.
South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care | Pages : 62-68
DOI : 10.36346/sarjnhc.2019.v01i02.004
Prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) was studied in Anua, Uyo, Nigeria to determine its status and success of campaigns in the region. Three hundred and sixty four (364) women were interviewed and clinically examined. Eighty two (22.53%) of the women examined had cuts. Type II cutting was common (64.60%), followed by Ia (18.30%) and Ib (15.90%). Type III was the least (1.20%) observed. Female genital mutilation occurred in ten (10) tribes out of eleven (11) observed. There were significant differences (P<0.05) in prevalence among the tribes. Yoruba and Efik tribes indicated highest (75.00%) each while Ibibio/Annang tribe had the least. Secondary school girls were most affected (53.66%). Muslims were more affected (66.66%) than Christians. Cuttings occurred either between infancy and childhood or puberty and marriage. It is done by “Circumcisers” considered experts in the community. Reasons for the practice include reduction of promiscuity and maintenance of virginity enshrined in tradition and religion. Involvement of nurses and other health workers as circumcisers was an attempt to medicalise the practice. FGM/C is still practiced in Nigeria. Efforts in campaigns and routine evaluation should not be abated to achieve the year 2030 eradication target.
South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care | Pages : 57-61
DOI : 10.36346/sarjnhc.2019.v01i02.003
Bio-based polymers are attracting improved interest due to environmental concerns and the realization that global petroleum assets are finite. Plastic is one of the main pollutants at gift time round the sector that is used for day by day use like packaging materials, deliver bags, manufacturing of various forms of substances and many others. A number of bio-based polymers are supplied on this evaluate, that specialize in trendy methods of production, properties, and commercial packages. Despite the fact that polymers are used substantially as pharmaceutical packaging; this evaluate is involved with the usage of polymers in the formula of various dosage forms. Improvement of biodegradable polymer frameworks offers the good sized favorable function of empowering either web page-particular or systemic corporation of pharmaceutical operators without the requirement for ensuing healing of the conveyance framework.
South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care | Pages : 50-56
DOI : 10.36346/sarjnhc.2019.v01i02.002
Background: High-quality leader-member relationships (LMRs) assist employee readiness for greater responsibilities beyond one‘s main job descriptions. This is to better contribute to other aspects or units within the organization. The Saudi Ministry of Health focuses on building human resources development to achieve improved organizational performance. Unfortunately, few studies have examined the Saudi Arabian healthcare sector‘s handling of LMRs. Objectives: The goal of the present study was to explore LMR levels and whether a nurse‘s work position influences LMRs within a university-affiliated hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive method was used and applied to a sample of 538 nursing staff. A self-report questionnaire was adopted for analysis Results: Results revealed that ―Respect,‖ ―Affect,‖ and ―Contribution‖ dimensions were high perceived while the ―Loyalty‖ moderate perceived. The association between overall LMR perception and current position was statistically significant (p = 0.012). Discussion: Sustainability of an LMR should be promoted where functioning and overall performance need to be enhanced. Conclusion: LMRs were modestly present within the current study, where the Respect dimension was perceived most highly among nurses, with Loyalty having the least positive perception. However, the Affect and Contribution dimensions were also perceived positively. The present findings also indicate that nurse managers‘ perceptions were higher than those of bedside nurses.
Henry E. Aloh, OMORDION NT, Eze Richard Ikechukwu, Achukwu PU, Agbo Julius Amechi
South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care | Pages : 45-49
DOI : 10.36346/sarjnhc.2019.v01i02.001
This work was designed to access the incidence of cervical cancer in UNTH using already diagnosed cervical samples collected from the Morbid Anatomy cancer unit of UNTH Ituku-Ozalla Enugu. Forty (40) cervical carcinoma samples were collected from the study and four (4) earlier diagnosed negative samples were used as “control”. The sections were stained using Haematoxylin and eosin method. Out of the 40 cervical carcinoma samples obtained, the result showed that the age group 40-44 years has the highest frequency of positive cases. Also the result showed that the number of positive cases increased with parity some samples observed showed normal squamous epithelia and absence of tumor cells hence negative for cervical cancer; while some slides showed the features of carcinoma and precancerous growth hence positive. Apart from habit and acts leading to high positive cases, most cases have un explained causes.
Veronica J. Ejeh, Emmanuel E. Achor, Esther E Ejeh
South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care | Pages : 34-44
DOI : 10.36346/sarjnhc.2019.v01i01.006
Emotional health problems are common among retirees, but frequently remain undetected and untreated. It occurs in retirement as a result of challenge experienced by retirees, complex interaction of social, psychological and biological factors. The aim of this study is to investigate the associated factors of emotional health problems (depression, anxiety, and stress) among retirees in Kogi State, Nigeria. The study utilized correlational survey research design. The population for the study comprised 9,950 retirees in Kogi State, Nigeria. The retirees aged 60 and above were selected using multi-stage sampling procedure to give a total sample size of 1,250 respondents. The Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) was adapted and used to determine associated factors of depression, anxiety, and stress. Bivariate analyses were performed using frequencies, percentages, point-biserial correlation, Cramer’s V coefficient and multiple regression analyses were conducted to determine the relationship between the factors and each of the emotional health problem statuses assessed. The result showed that there were weak positive relationship between depression and age of retirees (rpb= .09, p= .001), anxiety (rpb= .10, p=.001), stress (rpb= .14, p=.001), there were also weak positive relationship between depression and associated factor of income level of retirees and depression (V= .06, p= .050), anxiety (V= .10, p=.001), stress (V= .04, p=.127). Furthermore, there were significant relationships between depression and retirees’ demographic factors of gender (P= .000) and age (P=.004) and educational level (p = .000) with 5% of the variation experiences of depression among retirees, Anxiety and retirees’ demographic factors of gender (p=.001) and age (p=.001), level of education (p=.000), place of residence (p=.02) and income level (p=.02)with 7% experiences of anxiety among retirees and stress and retirees’ demographic factors of gender (p=.000), age (p=.000), place of residence (p=.221), and educational level (p=.001) with 6% experiences of stress found among retirees. The study recommended that Kogi State government should establish guidance clinics in all ministries and local government area and pension commissions in the states. This will create opportunities for counselors to provide psychological education to all retiree clients with problems of adjustment. Government should also establish and build a retirement home for the elderly retirees, as well run a social welfare schemes for retirees like we find in developed countries. This will ensure freedom and comfort for smooth transition from the world of work to the world of retirement.
Hajra Sarwar, Sana Saher, Muhammad Afzal, Dr. Asif Hanif, Dr. Asif Hanif
South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care | Pages : 31-33
DOI : 10.36346/sarjnhc.2019.v01i01.005
The learner have their own style to learn the new things but advance teaching method, there have different strategies to learn with long flexible retention of knowledge, like computer based training programs. In computer based training is an advance training for learner, in which basically introduce the advance method, like video, links recorded role plays, recorded lectures and demonstration of skill etc. but all that without the feedback. Instead of that in the traditional training method learner, are learn from old method with the supervision of faculty, uses the video, demonstration and role plays etc. but with under supervision. Basic life support is a very important skill and knowledge, which have need to know and retain each steps in the learner with its full of importance. American Heart Association have been their aim, “focus to train the every person should know about the Basic life Support training for their home, Road, Public areas, School and for colleges”. For achieving this goal there is need to educate every individual with the best suitable strategies especially health care provider because cardiac arrest increases day by day. Nurses are the back bone of hospital and this is fact that nurses are that persons who spent most of the time with patient as compare as other health care provider. So in this article review were used to different article to know the best strategies to become the competent the nurses for BLS.
Aurang Zeb, Hammad, Muhammad Ali, Rifat Baig, Shakira Rahman
South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care | Pages : 26-30
DOI : 10.36346/sarjnhc.2019.v01i01.004
Objectives: The objective of the study is to assess the anxiety level among preoperative patients. Methodology: The research design used for this study is a quantitative descriptive cross-sectional study. Hamilton anxiety rating scale was used to identify the anxiety level of patients, data was collected through convenience sampling technique and analysis was done by SPSS version 22. Result: Out of all 70 participants 2.9 % has no anxiety, 30.0% have mild anxiety, 42.9% have moderate anxiety 12.9% have severe anxiety and 11.4% have very severe anxiety. Conclusion: The anxiety level of patients varies from mild to moderate, severe and very severe. Different factors like gender, level of education of the participants and type of surgery affect the level of anxiety. Worried about pain and operation theater environment also effect anxiety level. The study also addresses some recommendation to reduce anxiety in preoperative patients.
Belza, Mercedes A. MAN, Dancil, Veronica T. MSN, Lauro, Jocelyn P. MAN, MaEd.
South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care | Pages : 18-25
DOI : 10.36346/sarjnhc.2019.v01i01.003
Nurses are often engaged in providing care for patients who are diagnosed with terminal illness and are faced with the process of dying. Working with these patients and families can be emotionally demanding and challenging. Nurses ought to meet the challenge of developing and rendering effective interventions for cancer patients, focusing predominantly on health promotion, end-of-life care, and above all, the four domains of health-related quality of life: physical, psychological, emotional and spiritual functioning. Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) interventions can empower patients to practice health behaviors and facilitate them to be self-directed in their care; thereby contributing substantially to their quality of life. This study aimed to describe and understand the „lived‟ experiences of oncology nurses in providing health-related quality of life interventions among cancer patients. The study was conducted using descriptive phenomenological method and data was generated through one-on-one audio-recorded interview with ten oncology nurses Colaizzi‟s  procedural interpretation of the phenomenological method of inquiry was used for data coding and identifying themes. Methods to ensure trustworthiness of the findings were implemented. Three themes with 14 sub-themes were identified. Results of the study showed that health-related quality of life interventions were essential in nursing care among cancer patients. It was suggested that the manner in which cancer patients‟ quality of life improves through HRQoL interventions should be further studied. In addition, it may be of value for nursing leaders to provide specified training programs for oncology nurses working on issues relevant to the HRQoL intervention skills.
Amera Bekhatro Awad Allah Rashed, Amal Khalifa Khalil, Hanaa Mohamed Abo Shereda
South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care | Pages : 8-17
DOI : 10.36346/sarjnhc.2019.v01i01.002
Decreased sleep quality is a common complaint during pregnancy especially among primigravida. Regarding the high incidence of sleep disorders during pregnancy and their adverse effects on maternal and fetal health, it is hazardous to apply pharmaceutical approaches during pregnancy. Relaxation and guided imagery are forms of the non-pharmacological treatments for managing sleep disorders. Aim of the study: was to study the effect of non-pharmacological interventions on sleep quality during pregnancy among primigravida. Methods & Research Design: a quasi experimental design was used in this study with comparing three groups two study and one control. Subjects: A purposive sample of one hundred and twenty women was recruited. Tools: three tools were used for data collection which named; interviewing questionnaire, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and an evaluation checklist. Results: there was a statistically significant difference between groups regarding daily sleep time, PSQI score and sleep quality after intervention. Conclusion: the first research hypothesis was accepted as it was found that progressive muscle relaxation 'as one of the non-pharmacological interventions' was effective in improving participants sleep quality. Recommendations: Instruct pregnant women about appropriate non-pharmacological interventions which have no side-effects to improve sleep quality.
South Asian Res J Nurs Health Care | Pages : 1-7
DOI : 10.36346/sarjnhc.2019.v01i01.001
Worldwide cerebral infarction Nowa days was common health problem. It is the 3rd cause of death after heart disease and cancer. Serious long-term disability caused by this status. The current study aimed to establish Protocol for Attention of Nursing care to promote physical stuats of Patient with cerebral infarction at King Khalid Hospital (KKH). A convenience sample of 60 patients who had cerebral infarction and able to communicate in the departments of medical, surgical units at KKH. Over a period of 7months were recruited. One tool were used to collect data it is Interview qutionnair sheet developed to assess patient personal data , patient physical statusand and educational requirement the first part was questionnaire sheets to estimate personal data, second part was to assess patient physical and educational requirment. Results of this study concluded that, the majority of the studied subject's physical status were dependent in them selves to performing daily living activities, and did not have adequate knowledge about cerebral infarction. Conclutios: about half of the studied subjects were dependent in performing of daily living activities, more than half of studied subjects were had unsatisfactory knowledge but improved post protocol.The relations between sociodemographic data, physical status, there was statistical significant relation between patient emographic data and physical status.The study recommended that Facing the patient physical status by Help the patients to perform the daily living activitie perform In-service Training for patient and relative to discuss the effect of CI on physical status of the patients , National strategies are highly required to support patients with CI and their caregivers and Further research is needed to study the rehabilitation and discharge programs that would help the patient with CI to adapt with their physical disabilities
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