South Asian Research Journal of Medical Sciences (SARJMS)
South Asian Res J Med Sci
Professor Aamir Abdullahi Hamza
Country of Origin:
“South Asian Research Journal of Medical Sciences” Abbreviated Key Title: South Asian Res J Med Sci ; ISSN 2664-3987 (Print) & 2664-6722 (Online) is peer reviewed, open access, Bi-Monthly Academic and Research Journal Published by SAR Publication, Bangladesh. This Journal publishes Research Articles, Review Articles, Case Studies and other scientific studies within all the fields of medical sciences written in English Language only.
Scope of Journal
This Journal publishes Articles in all disciplines under medical sciences like- Medicine: Angiology, Cardiology, Critical care medicine, Emergency medicine, Endocrinology, Family medicine, Forensic medicine, Gastroenterology, Geriatrics, palliative medicine, Intensive care medicine, Nephrology, Neurology, Obstetrics and gynaecology, Oncology, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Pulmonology, Rheumatology, Sports Medicine etc. Surgery: Anesthesiology, Cardiovascular Surgery, Colorectal Surgery, General Surgery, Neurosurgery, Obstetrics and gynecology, Oncologic Surgery, Ophthalmic Surgery, Ophthalmology, Orthopedic Surgery, Otolaryngology, Otorhinolaryngology(ENT), Plastic Surgery, Transplant Surgery, Vascular Surgery etc. Biomedical: Anatomy and Physiology, Biochemistry, Embryology, Epidemiology, Genetics, Histology, Immunology, Microbiology, Molecular biology, Nutrition science, Pathology, Pharmacology and Toxicology.
Professor Aamir Abdullahi Hamza
Professor Aamir Abdullahi Hamza Department of General Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Bahri, Khartoum, Sudan. Email: aamirhamzza[at]yahoo.co.uk
Prof. Babur Shakirov
Professor burn physician, Republican Scientific Center of Emergency Medicine and Samarkand State Medical Institute, Samarkand, Uzbekistan Email: baburshakirov[at]yahoo.com
Dr. Sadhu Lokanadham
Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy Santhiram Medical College &Hospital, Nandyal-518501, Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Email: loka.anatomy[at]gmail.com
Dr. Morshed Nasir
Professor and Head, Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics Holy Family Rd Crescent Medical College Dhaka, Bangladesh Email: morshednasir[at]hotmail.com
Dr Sabyasachi Chatterjee
Post-Doctoral Researcher, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Louisinia State University Health Science Center (LSUHSC), Louisinia 70112, USA Email: sc.iicb13[at]gmail.com
Dr. Mohammed Mahmoud Abou Elmagd
RAK Medical University, RAK, Post Box- 11172, UAE Email: dr.elmagd[at]yahoo.com
Dr. Samara M. Abdali
College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq Email: Baghdad_sar[at]yahoo.com
Dr. Mohd Inayatulla Khan
Department of Physiology, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences [RIMS], Adilabad-504001, Telangana, India Email: drkhan123[at]rediffmail.com
Prof Dr Rajendra Singh
Professor & Head, Department of Community Medicine, Government SDJH Medical College, Chandeswar, Azamgarh 276128, UP, India E-mail: drrajputbpl[at]gmail.com
Dr Namani Satyanarayana
Anatomy Unit, Faculty Of Medicine, Aimst University Semeling, Bedong 08100 Kedah, Malaysia. Email: drsatyanarayana.aimst[at]gmail.com
South Asian Res J Med Sci | Pages : 39-45
DOI : 10.36346/sarjms.2020.v02i04.005
The 2019-CoV infected number more than 4,101,992 of people and killed 280,454 of people in many countries over 212 (May 10, 2020). Aim: Explore new lifestyle as a Preventive Measures to prevent covid 19 among people. Electronic tool quionnair sheet, include 2 parts Part I: Demographic data: this to assess demographic data as jop, qualification. Part II: to assess using healthy life style as protective measures among people to assess actual life style as eating, exercise, sleep, social distance, use protective measure as mask, gloves, use complementary therapy. Conclusion: healthy life style among studied groups. High percentage for them reported more than 90% take healthy diet. Make hand wash more than 90% were mask, keep recreation only medical occupation keep exercise.
South Asian Res J Med Sci | Pages : 33-38
DOI : 10.36346/sarjms.2020.v02i04.004
The article discusses the effectiveness of inhalation of highly concentrated oxygen in patients with heart failure in large cities: quality of life, frequency of hospitalization and survival. Matherials and methods of investigation: In the study were included 100 people (age is from 50 to 74 years, mean age is 62.3±8.52 years, 50 male and 50 female including) with the heart failure of II-III functional classes (NYHA) on the basis of ischemic heart disease. Examination of the patients included a 6-minute walk test, an assessment of the quality of life using the SF-36 and MLHFQ questionnaires. Endpoint frequency analysis (annual mortality and hospitalization rate analisys) has used. The results of the study: It was found that a year after the start of controlled monitoring, the quality of life of patients who daily, in combination with the main treatment used inhalations of highly concentrated oxygen (group 2), probably improved (p<0.05) due to all its parts of the physical component of health (PF, RP, BP, GH). The improvement in quality of life was also due to the refining of the parts of the emotional component of health (VT, SF, RE and MH, p<0.05). In both observation groups, the quality of life was improved according to the MLHFQ questionnaire - the total number of points (p<0.05), the number of points in the physical (p<0.05) and emotional spheres (p<0.05). It was proved that during the oneyear of observation in both groups there were significant changes and improvement in the test results with a 6-minute walk with increasing distance traveled (in group 1 - from 335.8±34.6 to 378.2±25.4 meters, p<0.05, in the second group - from 324.2±22.8 to 412.7±35.1 meters, p<0.05). A more significant increase was observed in group 2, p<0.05. According to the Kaplan-Meyer survival analysis of the cumulative frequency of endpoints (survival and hospitalization) of patients there was a significant discrepancy between the observation groups. The effectiveness of combination therapy with the inclusion of inhalations of highly concentrated oxygen in patients with heart failure to reduce the frequency of clinically important cardiovascular events was 10%, p<0.05.
South Asian Res J Med Sci | Pages : 29-32
DOI : 10.36346/sarjms.2020.v02i04.003
Lassa fever (LF) is a viral haemorrhagic fever (VHF) endemic in West Africa including parts of Nigeria. Ribavirin has been shown to have therapeutic benefits especially if commenced within six days of the symptoms. After seven days, patient with LF tend to progress to clinical stage 3 characterized by multiple complications including bleeding with poor prognosis. We report a case of LF with clinical stage 3 symptoms, which made full recovery without ribavirin therapy. This is a case report of confirmed LF case managed at University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku/Ozalla. LF was confirmed using RT-PCR of venous blood sample. Other investigations performed include liver function test (LFT), serum electrolyte, urea and creatinine (SEUC), full blood count (FBC), urinalysis. A 24 year old male was referred from private hospital with two weeks history of fever associated with myalgia, anorexia and bleeding per rectum significant enough to require blood transfusion. A preliminary diagnosis of sepsis with bleeding diathesis was made. Although the FBC and SEUC findings were within normal limits, findings of elevated transaminases (AST > ALT), haematuria and proteinuria heightened the clinical suspicion of LF. He was managed conservatively with intravenous fluids, antipyretics, antibiotics, blood transfusion and nutritional support. Empirical ribavirin therapy was not possible due to unavailability of the drug. After eight days, his symptoms resolved and no new complications were observed. He was counseled and discharged home on request. Lassa virus RT-PCR result received after his discharged turned out positive. Contact tracing was carried out but none of his primary contacts developed symptoms of Lassa virus infection. He has remained stable. Individuals suffering from LF and its complications could potentially experience favourable prognosis following optimal conservative management if ribavirin is unavailable. This information is useful for management of LF in resource-limited settings.
Sri Harpina, Amran Razak, Syamsuddin, Arifin Seweng
South Asian Res J Med Sci | Pages : 23-28
DOI : 10.36346/sarjms.2020.v02i04.002
In Indonesia, South Sulawesi Province ranks fourth in the number of stunting sufferers, and Enrekang District has the highest stunting sufferer in South Sulawesi Province. This research is to find out the political commitment of the District Government. Enrekang in overcoming the problem of stunting to reach the target SDG. This study uses qualitative research methods with the type of case study research. This research was conducted in Enrekang Regency in January - March 2020. Informants in this study were 11 people selected by purposive sampling technique. Data collection is done by in-depth interviews, document review and collection. Data validation uses the triangulation method. The results of this study indicate that the commitment of the Enrekang Regency government regarding policies and budgets in stunting management is quite good. Stunting prevalence indicator is the main performance indicator in the Enrekang Regency RPJMD with a target of 2023 of 19.5%. The activity budget will increase by 74% in 2020. The budget commitment and budget is quite good on budget commitments and cross-sectoral cooperation. It is hoped that the Enrekang district government will increase commitments related to budgeting and cross-sectoral cooperation.
Dr. Sneha Waghela, Dr. Bela Verma, Dr. Priyanka Shukla
South Asian Res J Med Sci | Pages : 20-22
DOI : 10.36346/sarjms.2020.v02i04.001
Teratomas are an infrequent and account for only 7- 11% of extra gonadal teratomas, in Pediatrics. We report a case of 6 years old, with a mediastinal mass causing pleural effusion. Pleural cytology was neagative. Computed Tomography suggested a mediastinal mass. Child’s thoracotomy was done and mass was excised. Histopathology was suggestive of mature teratoma of thymus.
Roman Vereshchako, Ihor Sukhin, Oleksandr Piskorskyi, Roman Gylevych, Yehor Tereshchenko
South Asian Res J Med Sci | Pages : 14-19
DOI : 10.36346/sarjms.2020.v02i03.001
Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer mortality and is ranked first on the cancer prevalence against planet's population. The role of cervical mediastinoscopy in determining N status and morphological verification of lung cancer is considered in the article. Material and research methods: The study included 85 patients aged from 19 to 76 years (mean age was 53±13.4 years). Men and women were 47 (55.3%) and 38 (44.7%) respectively. General clinical, laboratory, endoscopic, chest radiography, morphological, immunohistochemical, and statistical methods were used. An indication for mediastinoscopy was the enlargement of the lymph nodes of the mediastinum revealed by thorax computed tomography. Results: The frequency of different combinations in the studied groups of nodes was presented as follows: 2R, 4R, 7 – 16,38%; 4R, 4L, 7 – 21.1%; 4L, 7 – 9,72%; 2R, 4R – 7,73%; 4R, 4L – 6,2%; 4R, 7 – 9,02%; 4R – 2,0%; 10L, 4L, 7 – 2,72%; 2R, 7 – 1,83%; 2R, 2L, 4R, 4L – 4,9%; 2L, 4L, 10L, 4R – 1,16%; 7 – 2,8%; 2R, 4R, 7 – 7,55%; 2R, 4R, 4L, 7 – 5,34%, 4R,10R –1,55%. At 85 patients with enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes on tomography, lung cancer was verified in 42 patients. 43 patients presented with another oncological or non-oncological pathology. In 42 patients, a study of lymph nodes of the mediastinum allowed to verify the diagnosis of lung cancer 25 patients and determine the status of N 17 patients. The sensitivity of cervical mediastinoscopy, compared with computed tomography (CT), was 97.6 CI%95 - [89.3-100.0]. According to chest CT in patients with lung cancer, an increase in mediastinal lymph nodes from 10 to 14.9 mm was observed in 47 (55.3%) people and more than 15 mm in 38 (44.7%) people. The presence of lung cancer metastases in the mediastinal nodes was detected by mediastiniscopy in 33 (78.57%) patients. In 9 (21.43%) cases, mediastinal lymphadenopathy (according to CT data) was not caused by metastasis (false positive). The histological distribution after cervical mediastinoscopy was as follows: squamous cell carcinoma - 10 (21.43%), adenocarcinoma - 24 (57.1%), small cell carcinoma - 8 (19.04%), observations respectively. The results of postoperative histological examination of the mediastinal lymph nodes coincided with the histological results of preoperative cervical mediastinoscopy in 100% of cases (100.0% CI [97.1-100.0]). Conclusions: Cervical mediastinoscopy in patients with primary lung cancer made it possible precisely determine the cause of enlargement of mediastinal lymph nodes and to set the frequency of different combinations of the studied groups of nodes was presented as follows. In patients with primary lung cancer, this method verify the diagnosis in 40.5% of cases and determine N status in 100% of cases. The sensitivity of the cervical mediastinoscopy method, compared with computed tomography, was 96.4% CI [90.8-99.3]. The results of the postoperative histological examination of the mediastinal lymph nodes coincided with the histological results of preoperative cervical mediastinoscopy in 100% of cases.
Lawal Ahmed Abdulmumini, Nosa Terry Omorodion, Henry E. Aloh, Achukwu, Peter Uwadiegwu, Gabriel Uzoma UMEH
South Asian Res J Med Sci | Pages : 11-13
DOI : 10.36346/sarjms.2020.v02i02.002
To determine the dangerous blood group ‘O’ donors o reoccurrence at the Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki. One hundred (100) cell grouped and sero-typed blood group ‘0’ donors (94 males and 6 females) aged 18 and 45 years participated in this study between February and September 2007 at the Blood Bank(phlebotomy) section of the Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki after an informed consent. The presence of both the alpha (∝) and beta (β) haemolysin were determined using donors sera for reverse grouping. Haemolysin indicates the presence of haernolysis which is in the sera of the dangerous blood group ‘O’ donors. The study discovered that 36 male donors out of 100 donors studied were positive to haemolysin. This result was statistically analyzed using student’s t- test at 95% confidence interval with P value of 0.05. The numbers of haemolysin positive donors were significantly increased in comparison with the heamolysin negative donors (P< 0.05). This result pattern suggests a relatively high level of blood transfusion reactions in this part of the world. Screening test for dangerous group ‘O’ donors should be carried out routinely in blood transfusion laboratories to order to reduce the occurence of blood transfusion.
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