South Asian Research Journal of Business and Management (SARJBM)
South Asian Res J Bus Manag
Dr. Mohamad Fazli Sabri
Country of Origin:
“South Asian Research Journal of Business and Management” ISSN 2664-3995 (Print) & ISSN 2664-6757 (Online) is peer reviewed, open access Academic and Research Journal Published by SAR Publication, Bangladesh.
This Journal publishes Research Articles, Review Articles, Case Studies and other scientific studies within all the fields of Business and Management.
This Journal is aimed to publish Research Articles, Review Articles, Case Studies and other scientific studies within all the fields of Business and Management.
Scope of Journal
This Journal publishes Articles in all disciplines under Business and Management like -
Accounting, Business, Economics, Finance, Business Policy, Management Studies, Entrepreneurship, Data Management, Economic Management, Educational Management, Energy Management, Environmental Management, Facilities Planning and Management, Financial Management, Foodservice Management, Global Manufacturing and Management, Hospitality Management, Human Resource Management, Knowledge Management, Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Management and Organization Management Practices, Management Psychology, Management Strategy, Management Theory, Marketing, Marketing Management, Organizational Management, Port Management, Project and Quality Management, Public Sector Management etc.
Dr. Mohamad Fazli Sabri
Deputy Dean (Postgraduate Studies & Industry & Community Relations) Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang Selangor, Malaysia Email: fazli[at]upm.edu.my
Manager Knowledge Management & Editor, BRAC Research and Evaluation Division, Mohakhali , Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh Email: altamas.p[at]brac.net
Dr. Nalla Bala Kalyan
Associate Professor, Department of Management Studies, Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering, Karakambadi Road, Tirupati-517507, Andhra Pradesh, India Email: drnallabala[at]gmail.com
Dr. N. Ramu
Professor, Department of Commerce, Annamalai University, Annmalai Nagar-608 002 Tamilnadu, India Email: n.rammu[at]yahoo.com
Dr. Md. Nurul Momen
Associate Professor, Department of Public Administration, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh Email: nurulmomen78[at]gmail.com
Prof. Abdelkader Derbali
Community College, Taibah University, Saudi Arabia & Higher Institute of Informatics and Management of Kairouan, Kairouan University, Tunisia Email: derbaliabdelkader[at]outlook.com
Dr. Abhishek Mishra
Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration (Human Resource), The University of Burdwan, Purba Burdwan- 713104, West Bengal, India E-mail: amishra[at]mbahr.buruniv.ac.in
Dr. Sudipta Majumdar
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Management Studies, ICFAI University Jharkhand, India Email: smajumdar2004[at]gmail.com
Mr. Zulfan Nahruddin
Muhammadiyah University of Makassar, Kota Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan 90221, Indonesia Email: zulfan.nahruddin[at]unismuh.ac.id
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 38-43
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2020.v02i03.002
It is of great significance to establish relevant models by collecting data of various fruit production through the network, to screen out the main fruit varieties in the fruit market of China in recent years, to predict the consumption and production trend of the Chinese fruit market, and to plan the planting mode of fruit scientifically. Based on the data collected, this paper makes use of Lingo software to cluster and classify fruits, then establishes 0-1 programming model and time prediction model to predict data and test by regression model. Finally, the development strategy of fruit production in China is given.
Rieke Pernamasari, Giawan Nur Fitria, Noor Hazlina Ahmad
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 30-37
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2020.v02i03.001
This study aims to examine the effect of the CG Scorecard on Earnings Management with company characteristics as an intervening variable. The population and sample are public companies in Indonesia and Malaysia listed on the Asean Star Index, 2016-2018. CG Scorecard is measured using the ASEAN Score Card, earnings management is measured based on the accrual of working capital to sales while intervening variables are measured using company characteristics through leverage. The analysis model is the Structural Equation Modeling Partial Least Square (SEM - PLS). The results showed that the direct relationship between GCG variables with earnings management is smaller than the relationship between GCG and earnings management through leverage variables. These results conclude that although in the short term investors do not really value the leverage rate as an investment indicator, if high debt comes from capital and continues to increase, it can be used as a signal for principals because it can be indicated earnings management actions occur. Therefore good corporate governance is one factor that can reduce agency conflict, thereby minimizing earnings management actions.
Mukhtarmizi, Amri Amir, Edward Edward, Ade Octavia
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 19-29
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2020.v02i02.002
This study aims to analyze the influence of development, motivation and leadership on the performance of civil servants with job satisfaction as the moderator variable especially in the Jambi Regional Police. The analysis model is the the Structural Equation Modeling Partial Least Square (SEM – PLS). The results showed that, there is no influence of development on job satisfaction. Motivation has a positive effect on job satisfaction. Leadership has a positive significant effect on job satisfaction. Job satisfaction has an influence on employee performance. Employee development affects the performance. Motivation moderated by job satisfaction has insignificant impact to performance. Furthermore, job satisfaction can moderate the influence of leadership on the performance.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 12-18
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2020.v02i02.001
The prominent trend in the global e-commerce development hardly leaves aside any country nowadays. Russia is not exclusion here. But, despite the strong existing interest and motivation to develop the B2C e-commerce, still, there are impediments to that. On the one hand, it is well known that e-commerce allows decreasing costs, thus, making both provision and prices of product more comfortable for customers. But on the other hand, such impediments, as inadequate regulation (or the absence of such regulation), the absence of readiness of people to adopt the modern technologies, and some other inhibit the development of e-commerce in Russia. By using the modern quantitative techniques, the current research is aimed at revealing the principal barriers and incentives that exist in this sphere, and at providing policy recommendations. Contributions/Originality: To the best of our knowledge, there have been no relevant studies on the Russian B2C e-commerce recently. This introduces a major gap in the applied research on the subject matter since the Russian B2C e-commerce sector itself has been actively developing over the past years. So, our research contributes to obtaining better understanding of the peculiarities and trends in this field.
Krishna Moorthy, Chin Yoon Mei, Chum Yong Qi, Foo Jia Jing, Liang Mee Yi, Loh Pui Yan, Ng Boon Nee
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 1-11
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2020.v02i01.001
This research examines students’ satisfaction towards the service quality of cafeterias in higher education institutions. The study combines the SERQUAL model and PERVAL scale to study the students’ satisfaction. Data for this research was collected through self-administered survey questionnaires from five higher education institutions located in the State of Selangor in Malaysia. The results showed that only assurance of the education institutions is significantly associated with the students’ satisfaction and other factors, namely, tangibility, reliability, responsiveness, empathy and price value are not significantly associated. It is therefore suggested that education institutions should enhance these factors to improve the students’ satisfaction towards service quality of their cafeterias.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 182-187
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i04.004
On January 2020, the busiest airport in Brazil and South America, the Guarulhos International Airport (Aeroporto Internacional de São Paulo/Guarulhos – Governador André Franco Montoro) - or simply GRU (IATA), completes 35 years of existence. Civil aviation history ion Brazil, however, backs to 1936 when the Santos Dumont Airport (SDU), was founded in Rio de Janeiro, former Brazilian capital. This article presents a descriptive case study on GRU airport, and its importance to the Brazilian civil transportation. Key findings point GRU reaching 41.2 million people transported in 2018. Analysis GRU performance over the last decade showed GRU losing the position of the busiest airport in Latin America to Mexico International Airport in 2015, with a forecast of passenger transportation near 60 million passengers in 2030. Discussion and recommendations for future research compile this work.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 178-181
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i04.003
The aim of the paper is to assess various business models and how they are established to extract the business activity maximum value within a specific framework. The research is primarily supported by inclusion of the available literature within the field as well as relevant professional and academic publication to enhance currency and relevance to application, as well as identification of trending developments and issues. The research concluded that governments should further promote the commercial aspect of new and renewable energy when developing new technology through fiscal, financial, regulatory and other means. Furthermore, the regulatory environment has massive impact in influencing the various models to be developed and such, incentives are necessary to enable a successful business model implementation and application.
EKEH Loveday Ojotu, TSETIM James Tersoo, OGUCHE Michael Kenneth
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 168-177
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i04.002
This study was carried out to examine the effect of networking on the performance of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs). The study focused on SMEs in Makurdi metropolis. The study specifically examined the effect of network structure, network governance and network content on the performance of SMEs in Makurdi, Benue State. The study adopted the survey research design due to its ease of application and the speed with which its results are ready. The target population for this study consists of 708 owners/senior management staff of SMEs in Makurdi metropolis in Benue State, Nigeria. These consisted of different sectors like food processing (24), livestock rearing (32), schools (86) trading (164), art/craft (42), baking (34), table water (17), fashion and designing/ hair dressing (97), ICT (92), health (65) and transportation (55). 256 respondents were sampled. The questionnaire was used as the research tool for data collection. The research tool consists of two 4-point Likert questionnaires. The 256 questionnaires administered met a 0.83 response rate and 213 questionnaires were used for statistical analysis. With the aid of SPSS version 21, multiple regression analysis was used to test the strength of the effect of network dimensions on performance of SMEs. Findings of the study revealed that network structure has significant effect on the performance of SMEs in Benue State and network governance has significant effect on the performance of SMEs in Benue State. Also, the result indicated that network content has significant effect on the performance of SMEs in Benue State. The study concluded that the structure, governance and content of networks maintained by SMEs have significant effect on their performances. Recommendations were made among others that, management of SMEs should be mindful of the content of their networks since the network content has significant effect on the performance of SMEs.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 161-167
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i04.001
This study examined the effect of total quality management practices on performance deposit money banks in Nigeria. The study focused on selected deposit money banks in Makurdi metropolis, Benue State, Nigeria. The study specifically examined the effect of top management commitment, employee involvement, customer focus and process management on performance of deposit money banks in Nigeria. A survey design was adopted for the study and questionnaire was used for data collection. The population of the study consists of 32 management staff of Makurdi metropolis and a census sampling method was adopted. Regression analysis was used for test of hypotheses at 0.05 significance level. Findings of the study revealed that all the independent variables (top management commitment, employee involvement, customer focus and process management) have significant effect on performance of deposit money banks in Nigeria. It recommended that management of deposit money banks should develop policies that require senior management to be involved in quality improvement efforts since this ensures success of the efforts and improved bank performance.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 155-160
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i03.011
The financial situation of China’s basic endowment insurance fund has begun to deteriorate, and its deterioration trend will accelerate with the deepening of the aging population, so it is urgent to carry out a study on the early warning of the payment risk of this endowment insurance fund. This paper discusses the classification accuracies of C4.5 algorithm, Naive Bayesian algorithm and BP neural network in the warning of basic endowment insurance fund payment risk. It is found that C4.5 algorithm has the best classification effect, with an accuracy of 71.43%; BP neural network takes the second place, with an accuracy of 61.90%; Naive Bayesian algorithm has a poor effect, with an accuracy of 52.38%.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 146-154
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i03.010
Micro finance and skill training are integrated to build empowerment model to improve socio economic level of single women in Nepal. This popular model is widely employed to improve socio economic empowerment of women, particularly single women for restore and rehabilitate their life from this psychological trauma and vulnerability. Its result is claimed positive. In this context, this paper examines whether the skill training and micro finance improves to empower single women socio economically and to reduce poverty and vulnerability and happiness of single women in Nepal through descriptive statistics and the paired “t” test. Its primary data sets are collected from the survey. The “t” test is significant that the skill training and micro finance are effective measures to empower single women socio economically and to reduce their vulnerability and then improve their self-reliant and happiness.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 141-145
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i03.009
This paper first analyzes the development trend and regularity of the production and sales of new energy vehicles in the first half of 2017-2019, and then establishes a BP neural network model and predicts sales in the third and fourth quarters of 2019. Then it studies the development trend of new energy vehicles and puts forward some suggestions for promoting the development of new energy vehicles.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 133-140
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i03.008
This study aims at answering the questions on how the readiness of civil servant is in facing of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 and what the government’s efforts to improve the quality of civil servants in order to run E- Service delivery in the Industrial Era 4.0.This study employed a case study approach of a qualitative research design. The participants for in depth interview consists of 15 people namely civil servants from 3 government institutions in Jakarta to gain information about the implementation of E- Service delivery and the barriers that they faced, Human Resources Managers to dig deeper their perspectives on the readiness of the institutions and civil servants to face the IR 4.0. Finally, the interviews were also conducted to IT specialists of 3 institutions to gain information on their perspectives towards the digital competencies of the civil servants. The research proves that the government institutions in Jakarta still found barriers in implementing the E-Service delivery, even though Indonesia has established a regulation since 2003. The obstacles were caused by the limited knowledge and skills on technology of the staff which was not followed by effective training management and supervision. For further study, the researcher recommends to conduct E-Service delivery policy research which is analyzed from different approach.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 125-132
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i03.007
This study employed a phenomenological approach of a qualitative research design. For this study, the researcher interviewed Human Resources Department leaders in national private companies in Jakarta and foreign companies or international bodies to gain information about the quality of university graduates in Indonesia.The researcher also interviewed chancellors of private tertiary institutions to gather information about what efforts the university is making in order to prepare qualified scholars to fit the demands of IR 4.0. In order to make this research more objective, the researcher also interviewed students from private tertiary institutions to explore information about their experiences in attending university and whether there were special courses or programs given by the university in order to improve student competency. The research proved that higher education instituition plays a significant role in improving the quality of the university graduates in facing the Industrial Revolution 4.0. Further analysis indicated that there was a gap between higher education outcomes and the demands of competence in the world of work. There are still universities which haven’t implemented the program even though the curriculum has been modified and up to the present time, most of universities are still prioritizing hard skills compared to the students’ soft skill. This study provides insights on the importance of higher institutions institutions to improve the quality of the graduates to face the Industrial Revolution 4.0, discusses the advantages and disadvantages of having and not having soft skills competencies in the global era and offers recommendations for future research.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 121-124
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i03.006
Internet shopping developed fast and has become a very popular shopping channel. The objective of the study is to explore the promotion, brand attitude on consumer buying behavior of the Internet shopping. Questionnaires were sent out to collect the data to understand the shoppers’ attitude. Factor analysis was utilized to analyze the collected data. The results indicated that Internet promotion activities do have impacts on shoppers’ buying behavior, but it is different from person to person; some people are easy to be influenced by the promotion and have higher acceptance to the activities, while the others are not. Additionally, demographics like income, age, education, and gender do have impacts on consumers’ Internet shopping behavior.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 118-120
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i03.005
In Bangladesh, SMEs play a dominant role in the national economy as well as contributing to gross domestic product [2, 3]. The government has already taken some initiatives to support SMEs such as establishing SME foundation, dealing with SME sectors’ problems and facilitating and promoting SME development. However, there are many factors that SME foundations are unable to perform due to inadequate resources and policies. Therefore, this brief paper is aiming to highlight these factors at the present time facing SMEs in the country. The paper is mainly dependent on a secondary research through screening key publications in the literature to determine those factors. The paper has included a general overview of these factors including insufficiency of resources and information, employee turnover and low levels of productivity, poor physical infrastructure and utility support, interest rates and bank loans, availability of appropriate technology, skilled manpower, lack of government support, and external changes. This brief paper opens key considerations for researchers in the field to further explore these factors and to enhance further understanding, and provide key solutions to overcome these challenges to be considered by SMEs, entrepreneurs, and policy developers in the country.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 112-117
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i03.004
About 3.5 million graduates, on an average, every year 22,000 graduate students are coming out from Higher Educational Institutions in India, but all of them are not getting employment. Thus, the country has more than 50% able-bodied unemployed (300 million) between the ages of 18 to 50 years and they do not have required skill sets. Recruitment companies say that many of the students, who are coming out with degrees, do not have requisite employability skills to secure employment. It is estimated that by 2025, about 300 million educated youth will be waiting for jobs/ employment in the country. However, employers in India are facing a huge shortage of skilled manpower. Thus, there is little connection between education and employability of students. Ensuring the employability of students is an intrinsic part of good education and is a government priority. It is reflected in the performance indicators of educational institutions and it is likely to become increasingly important to prospective students in their choice of course and required budget for providing good infrastructure. Increasingly, our graduates have to compete for jobs with talented youth outside the states or even outside the country. To secure employment, the students must develop communication skills, self-confidence / high aspirations, transact the course curriculum effectively, involve in extra-curricular activities, aware of job opportunities, develop career related experience, linkages with the providers of employment, aware of selection procedure, face the interviews boldly etc., are important. The present paper entitled ‘Employability in Higher Education: Problems and Prospects’ discusses about the concept of employability, status of employability of students and problems faced for the employability of students. The paper also explains about the need for employability of students and pre-requisites for employability of students. Further, the prospects in the employability of students in higher educational institutions will be discussed.
Andi Eko Prasetyo, Abdul Rivai, Iwan Kurniawan Subagja
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 106-111
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i03.003
This study aimed to analyze the influence of the quality of human resources and compensation to organizational performance through motivation. The study was conducted at Gatot Subroto Army Hospital with a number of samples are 133 people in the area of the organization. Sampling using a saturated sample. Analysis of data using path analysis. The results showed that the quality of human resources and compensation to organizational performance through motivation positive and significant impact.
Iwan Kurniawan Subagja, Nur Alamsyah, Eddy Sanusi Silitonga, Harry Indratjahyo
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 85-90
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i03.001
This study aimed to analyze the influence of brand awareness and product quality on purchasing decisions through consumer perception. The research was conducted at PT Tugu Pratama Indonesia by the number of samples are 119 people in the area of the organization. Sampling using a saturated sample. Analysis of data using path analysis. The results showed that influence brand awareness and product quality on purchasing decisions by consumers' perceptions of positive and significant influence.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 91-105
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i03.002
Cement is the major construction material used in the civil engineering works due to which its demand is very significant, while it becomes a tough task to select a proper cement brand. The study is focused to assess factors influencing selection of cement brand. The study is conducted at Madhyapur Thimi Municipality among different level of consumer i.e house owner, supplier, contractor/mason and consultant/engineer. Out of 871 permitted under construction building of fiscal year 2016/17, 89 end consumers and 30 suppliers were selected for quesionniare survey. Key informat interview was conducted for in depth information while focus group discusiion were done to assess the determinance of consumer behaviour and brand. Hypothesis test were done to find the significance of advertisement, consultant/engineer, mason/contractor, friends/relatives and supplier/retailer. The study reveals that 70%, 26.67% and 3.33% of total consumers considered quality, brand image and years of establishment respectively as the main factor while selecting cement brands. Hetauda, Udayapur, Shivam, Maruti and Argakhanchi cement was found to be consumed by 50%, 23.34%, 20%, 3.33% and 3.33% respectively. Based on Hypothesis test, consultant and friend/relatives have a significant role in the purchasing decision of cement.
Chytra Setyawardani Sukamto, Muhammad Laras Widyanto, Helsinawati
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 72-77
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i02.006
This study aims to determine the influence of Capital Structure which is limited by Debt to Equity Ratio, Profitability which is limited by Return on Equity (ROE), and Company Size to Company Value (Price to Book Value). The object of this research is pharmaceutical subsector company period 2012 - 2015. The data used is secondary data obtained through Indonesia Stock Exchange. The research design used is causal research. The sampling technique used purposive sampling method. From the method obtained 7 companies that meet the criteria of a total of 11 companies during the four-year observation period. The analysis technique used is panel data regression analysis wirh t-statistic test. The results of this study are Retrun on Equity (ROE) has a positive and significant influence on Price to Book Value, but Debt to Equty Ratio (DER) has a negative and not significant influence on Price to Book Value, and Company Size (Size) has a negative and not significant influence on Price to Book Value of pharmaceutical industry companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (BEI) in period 2012-2015.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 78-84
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i02.007
This study aims are analysis of performance Bank at PT Bank Tabungan Negara (Persero) Tbk by implementing the RGEC (Risk Profile, Good Corporate Governance, Earning, Capital) method 2015 until 2018 banks through a composite analysis. The purpose of this study is to analyze the performance Bank at PT Bank Tabungan Negara (Persero) Tbk by implementing the RGEC (Risk Profile, Good Corporate Governance, Earning, Capital) method 2015 until 2018. The method used in this study is RGEC (Risk Profile, Good Corporate Governance, Earning, Capital). The result are the performance ratio of Based on result and discussion so the conclusion is performance bank of PT Bank Negara Indonesia (Persero) the value of determination or composite since 2015 until 2018 is healthy, and performance bank used RGEC method as follows: 1) Risk Profile are a). Non Performing Loan (NPL) is in 2015 is healthy, NPL in 2016 is very healthy,NPL in 2017 is very healthy, NPL in 2018 is very healthy. b) Loan to Deposit Ratio (LDR) is in 2015 unwell, LDR in 2016 is unwell, LDR in 2017 is unwell, LDR in 2018 is unwell. 2) Good Corporate Governance (GCG) is performance GCG in 2015 is healthy, GCG in 2016 is healthy, GCG in 2017 is healthy, GCG in 2018 is healthy. 3) Earning are a) Return on Assets (ROA) is RAO in 2015 is very healthy,ROA in 2016 is very healthy, ROA in 2017 is very healthy, ROA in 2018 is healthy. b) Net Interest Margin (NIM) is NIM in 2015 is very healthy, NIM in 2016 is very healthy, NIM in 2017 is very healthy, in 2018 is very healthy. 4) Capital for Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) is in 2015 is very healthy, CAR in 2016 is very healthy CAR in 2017 is very healthy, CAR in 2018 is very healthy.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 67-71
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i02.005
This study aims to determine the effect of Debt to Equity Ratio (DER) and Earning Per Share (EPS) on Stock Price. The object of this study is the Company sub-sector Property and Real Estate listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange period 2015. The research design used is a comparative causal research. Sampling in this research is done by using purposive sampling technique. From the method obtained 35 companies that meet the criteria of a total of 47 companies during the observation period 2015. Data analysis used is statistical analysis in the form of multiple linear regression test. The result of t-statistic test shows that EPS has a positive and significant influence to stock price, whereas DER has a positive but not significant influence to stock price of property and real estate company listed on BEI in 2015.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 60-66
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i02.004
Quality of education is determined by conditions of learning in institutions. There are real concerns raised by stakeholders regarding quality of education in Early Childhood Development and Education (ECDE) centers in Emuhaya Sub-County, Kenya. Factors contributing to poor quality assurance control in implementation of ECDE curriculum are yet to be established. The purpose of the study was to establish quality assurance factors influencing implementation of ECDE Curriculum in Emuhaya Sub-County, Kenya. The study was based on descriptive survey design. It consisted of 196 teachers drawn from 98 ECDE Centres and 1Program Officer. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 65 teachers. Saturated sampling technique was used to select 1 program Officer. Data was collected by questionnaire, interview schedule and observation schedule. The study concluded that: ECDE Centres did not have adequate teaching - learning resources and facilities suitable for ECDE children. This inhibits implementation of ECDE Curriculum. The study recommends that; Intensive monitoring and evaluation system should be developed and implemented to enhance quality assurance by employing more ECDE Quality Assurance and Standards Officers to work hand in hand with The Program Officer in the process of manning ECDE subsector.
Krishna Moorthy, Ms Loh Chun T'ing, Mr. Ong Zhan Hao, Mr. Chong Kim Seong, Ms. Emylia Cheong Ai Lin, Ms. Teoh Yoon Chee, Mr.Yong Chee Min
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 46-59
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i02.003
The objective of this study is to identify the factors that affect satisfaction of Penang tourists who patronize Penang hawker centres by combining SERVQUAL model with food quality. The collected data from 259 tourists was analyzed and hypotheses were tested by using Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) analysis. Result of this study shows that food quality and service qualities (reliability and assurance) have a significant positive relationship with customer satisfaction. In terms of theoretical significance, this study proved that food quality has greater significant positive relationship with customer satisfaction than service quality. The combination of SERVQUAL model and food quality in testing the customer satisfaction has been validated in this study. The Penang State Government should emphasize on improving the quality of Penang street foods during policy setting process. The findings of this study are applicable to any hawker centre globally to improve the quality of the food.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 41-45
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i02.002
This work presents the relationship between the sectorial trade balance and its relationship to the financial crisis hit severe Eurozone and especially Greece. The country has a long history both on culture and economic crises introducing this term in anciency. We deployed a bunch of six explanatory variables related to the balance of payments especially on productivity and economic freedom terms as long with contagion and possible GNP spending applying the robust least squares analysis to an industry balance. The results show that the crisis in or at related countries seem to have positive effect and Productivity related variables have negative. Cultural spending on GDP share has also positive effect.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 34-40
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i02.001
This article researches the working capacity of managers in small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in a case study in Bac Ninh province of Vietnam, based on primary data collected from 120 managers and 120 employees in 60 small and medium enterprises in the study sites by standard questionnaires. The results showed that educational level of managers in SMEs in Bac Ninh province of Vietnam was still very low, managers with a suitable qualification of management was not high. The capacities of making business plans were mostly just acceptable. The human resource management capacity was not good, but the asset management capacity and monitoring capacity of managers was rather good. Employees were aware and believed in executive capacity of managers as they have been active and proactive in improving their management and business capacity and being able to acquire well, diligently and eagerly learn. Employees highly appreciated the moral qualities of managers. Some factors considered to affect the working capacity of managers were high age, low management experience, characteristics of managers. The research suggested that managers of SMEs had better improve their managerial knowledge, strengthen their managerial capacity. Training institutions could organize short training course and provide consultation support to SMEs managers. National and provincial government should create a playground for them to share and learn from good and successful managers.
Mrs. Abha Rani William, Dr. Madhusoodan, Mr. Bobbin Joseph
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 30-33
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i01.006
Cybernet is a great tool and instant form for communication. With the rising popularity of Cybernet communication applications such as instant messaging, blogs and social networking sites amid students, the Cybernet has become a significant social aspect of their development.According to a research published in a special issue of American Psychological Association (APA), spending a lot of time on the web can have both negative and positive effects on young people in terms of their social life, emotional state of mind and health.With the advancement of technology, time spent on Cybernet is rising among today‟s youth. Objectives of study:1) To assess the behavioral pattern of cyber net usage among Nursing students. 2) To assess the behavioral pattern of cyber net usage among Management students. 3) To compare the behavioral pattern of cyber net usage between students of Nursing and Management Institutes. 4) To find the association between perceived influences of cyber net usage in terms of Behavioral pattern with the selected demographic variables. Material & Methods: A descriptive survey study was carried out on first year nursing and management students of various nursing and management institutions in Jaipur city. The sample for the study comprised of 250 samples from first year nursing students and 250 samples from management students.1.Frequencies and percentages were used for analysis of demographic data 2.Frequencies and percentages were used for analysis Behavioral pattern of Nursing and Management Young adults by cyber net usage. 3. Mean, SD, means difference and t value to compare the behavioral pattern of cyber net usage between young adults of Nursing and Management Institutes. 4. Chi-square test was used to determine the association between perceived influences of cyber net usage in terms of Behavioral pattern with selected demographic variables among Nursing and Management young adults. Conclusions: The present study explore that there is significant behavior pattern in relation to Cybernet use. The behavior pattern of management students is found completely disturbed as higher number of hours spends on Cybernet use. The correlation finding which was done to find the relationship with selected demographic variables was done by using 'chi-square' test; it is found that there is significant correlation with selected demographic variables.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 23-29
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i01.005
The International Maritime Organization encourages countries to offer assistance to vessels in distress. Before they take the decision, allcountries are expected to perform a risk assessment. They should not reject any refuge applications by distressed vessels before carrying it out. Often, the requested access to the place of refuge is also granted to vessels which constitute some potential thread. However, even if the shelter provision was based on a perfect risk calculation, severe undesired damages may exceptionally occur. Moreover, they may outweigh the values that were expected to be rescued. Such exceptional situations are not entirely ruled out, regretfully. They raise the issue of risk justification: as to whether it was reasonable or not to undertake the risk. This issue makes it necessary to clarify the general concept of risk. Refusals of admittance in cases of distress are not ruled out either. They may also raise questions about justifications in penal law. Mostly, such questions concern the state of necessity, when the distress has been caused intentionally and to make the costal authorities grant access to a targeted place of refuge. Under Article 36.1 of the Somali Penal Code, admittance shall be refused in this case. However, the author maintains the opposite solution; he argues that the Article should be modified, accordingly, as in most foreign countries.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 18-22
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i01.004
Boards of Management (BOM) have a paramount role in ensuring successful implementation of Constituency Development Funded (CDF) projects in secondary schools in Kenya. They not only have direct but also indirect role in; oversight, management, monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of government funded projects in accordance with prescribed guidelines set by the Ministry of Education. Most of the Boards of Management don’t perform this role fully leading to poor performance of CDF projects in secondary schools in Kenya. In Teso South Sub County of Busia County in particular, the situation is worse to the extent that most Principals have overpowered and ignored Boards of Management, leading to failure of CDF projects to achieve their desired goals in secondary schools. Some CDF projects are never completed due to embezzlement of funds by Principals. Other factors contributing to this scenario are yet to be established. The purpose of the study was to establish the role of Boards of Management in monitoring and evaluation of Constituency Development Funded (CDF) projects in public secondary schools. It consisted of 221 BOM members and 26 Principals of Secondary schools. Saturated sampling technique was used to sample out 26 Principals while Simple random sampling was used to sample out 72 BOM members. Data was collected by questionnaire and interview schedule. The study concluded that: Boards of Management (BOM) don’t frequently inspect and evaluate financial records in schools. The study recommended that: Boards of Management (BOM) should be given full mandate of inspecting and evaluating all the school financial records to ensure that school funds are well utilized on the required projects.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 10-17
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i01.003
This study “Constraints and challenges in Livestock Production in Cameroon”, was conducted using Google Earth Maps to mapped out 20 urban and 20 peri-urban points respectively based on settlement in NW region of Cameroon. Data collection was done using a semi-structured questionnaire and analyzed in SPSS version 20.0. Results show that among the challenges/constraints faced by breeders, the most critical were feeding problems, diseases, animal stocks, financial management, access to clean water for the animals and inadequate extension services. These challenges prevent family farms from embracing the transition to agribusiness. The study recommend that breeders should mobilize themselves into Common Initiative Groups, associations as well as seek relevant agricultural insurance policy, this will enable them to manage risk/challenges in Livestock.
Hasina Akter, Md. Zubayer Ibna Khan, Md Aminul Islam, Bithika Mali, S M Yasir Arafat
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 5-9
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i01.002
Background: Anti-ulcerents drugs are a class of drugs has been using to treat ulcers in the stomach and the upper part of the small intestine. Although, anti-ulcerants are beneficial in many cases, adverse effects have not gone unnoticed. Objective: We aimed to find out the anti-ulcerant use scenario in Bangladesh and consumers’ attitude and awareness regarding the long term use of anti-ulcerants. Methods: This was a hospital-based cross-sectional study where 103 respondents were interviewed through convincing sampling technique. Respondents were indoor admitted patients of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka. A questionnaire consisting 24 questions in total was developed to interview the participants. Collected data was analyzed by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. Results: Among 103 respondents, 50.5% were male 88 were taking anti-ulcerants 43 (41.7%) were taking medication per advice of physicians. About 63% participants are willing to continue their drugs. Conclusion: Evidence based practice during prescribing the antiulcerants in necessary. Consumers should make aware its side effects as well as effects of long term use of antiulcerants.
South Asian Res J Bus Manag | Pages : 1-4
DOI : 10.36346/sarjbm.2019.v01i01.001
This study aims to examine the Establishment of Organizational Culture to Support Innovative Public Sector Performance in the state civil service apparatus in Makassar City. This study uses a qualitative approach with descriptive research types. This research is located at the SKPD level in Makassar City, by collecting data through interviews and observations and the data analyzed by stages of data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion drawing. The results of the study show that the work environment requires work discipline and regular time so that it distinguishes from a flexible work situation in a number of new employee workplaces. Indonesia is very important to understand ASN especially in understanding integrity pacts. Exemplary which is first owned by the head of the organization in order to transmit the spirit of his example to all employees within his institution. The ceremonies related to development are shown through the Development Planning Consultation as a means to involve the community in regional development planning. The problem found was the lack of communication between institutions which resulted in the obstruction of the government's strategic program so that network development needed to be improved in terms of communication.
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